Migraine typically causes severe and intense throbbing or pulsating pain, usually on one side of the head. It affects children, teenagers, and often persists throughout adulthood. It has four phases: the prodrome, aura, attack, and postdrome, but not everyone experiences all phases. The prodromal phase may involve mood changes, depression or euphoria, constipation, and among other symptoms, neck pain. During the aura, the patient may experience lights, visual disturbances, tingling sensations, numbness in the limbs, and occasionally speech disturbances. Migraine attacks are characterized by light and sound sensitivity, throbbing pain, nausea, and vomiting. The postdrome often involves exhaustion and sometimes confusion.


Migraine treatment typically begins with eliminating migraine triggers, followed by medication management. Botox treatment can reduce the intensity and frequency of headaches, tics, and muscle spasms, often eliminating the problem altogether. The duration of effectiveness of repeated treatments usually increases over time.

When to Seek Immediate Medical Attention?

Although most headaches are not dangerous, certain symptoms may indicate a more serious underlying problem. It is important to seek medical help if severe or suddenly occurring headaches develop, if the headache occurred after an injury, or if the headache is accompanied by neurological symptoms (such as confusion, speech problems, weakness, or loss of consciousness), or if the headache significantly affects daily activities.